First Report of Stem and Foliage Blight of Chrysanthemum Caused by Phytophthora drechsleri in the United States

First Report of Stem and Foliage Blight of Chrysanthemum Caused by Phytophthora drechsleri in the United States

Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum × morifolium) vegetation exhibiting stem and foliage blight had been noticed in a business nursery in japanese Oklahoma in June 2019. Illness signs had been noticed on ~10% of vegetation throughout a interval of frequent rain and excessive temperatures (26-36°C). Darkish brown lesions girdled the stems of symptomatic vegetation and leaves had been wilted and necrotic. The crown and roots had been asymptomatic and never discolored.
A species of Phytophthora was persistently remoted from the stems of diseased vegetation on selective V8 agar (Lamour and Hausbeck 2000). The Phytophthora sp. produced ellipsoid to obpyriform sporangia that had been non-papillate and chronic on V8 agar plugs submerged in distilled water for Eight h. Sporangia fashioned on lengthy sporangiophores and measured 50.5 (45-60) × 29.8 (25-35) µm.
Oospores and chlamydospores weren’t fashioned by particular person isolates. Mycelium development was current at 35°C. Isolates had been tentatively recognized as P. drechsleri utilizing morphological traits and development at 35°C (Erwin and Ribeiro 1996). DNA was extracted from mycelium of 4 isolates, and the interior transcribed spacer (ITS) area was amplified utilizing common primers ITS Four and ITS 6.
The PCR product was sequenced and a BLASTn search confirmed 100% sequence similarity to P. drechsleri (GenBank Accession Nos. KJ755118 and GU111625), a typical species of Phytophthora that has been noticed on decorative and vegetable crops within the U.S. (Erwin and Ribeiro 1996). The gene sequences for every isolate had been deposited in GenBank (accession Nos. MW315961, MW315962, MW315963, and MW315964).
These 4 isolates had been paired with recognized A1 and A2 isolates on tremendous clarified V8 agar (Jeffers 2015), and all 4 had been mating sort A1. Additionally they had been delicate to the fungicide mefenoxam at 100 ppm (Olson et al. 2013). To verify pathogenicity, 4-week-old ‘Brandi Burgundy’ chrysanthemum vegetation had been grown in 10-cm pots containing a peat potting medium.
Crops (n = 7) had been atomized with 1 ml of zoospore suspension containing 5 × 103 zoospores of every isolate. Management vegetation acquired sterile water. Crops had been maintained at 100% RH for 24 h after which positioned in a protected shade-structure the place temperatures ranged from 19-32°C.
All vegetation displayed signs of stem and foliage blight in 2-Three days. Signs that developed on contaminated vegetation had been just like these noticed within the nursery. A number of inoculated vegetation died, however stem blight, dieback, and foliar wilt had been primarily noticed.
Illness severity averaged 50-60% on inoculated vegetation 15 days after inoculation. Management vegetation didn’t develop signs. The pathogen was persistently remoted from stems of symptomatic vegetation and verified as P. drechsleri based mostly on morphology.
The pathogenicity check was repeated with comparable outcomes. P. drechsleri has a broad host vary (Erwin and Ribeiro 1996; Farr et al. 2021), together with inexperienced beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), that are inclined to seedling blight and pod rot in japanese Oklahoma. Beforehand, P. drechsleri has been reported on chrysanthemums in Argentina (Frezzi 1950), Pennsylvania (Molnar et al. 2020), and South Carolina (Camacho 2009).
Chrysanthemums are broadly grown in nurseries within the Midwest and different areas of the USA for native and nationwide markets. That is the primary report of P. drechsleri inflicting stem and foliage blight on chrysanthemum species in the USA. Figuring out sources of major inoculum could also be essential to restrict financial loss from P. drechsleri.

LC-MS/MS-based profiling of bioactive metabolites of endophytic micro organism from Hashish sativa and their anti-Phytophthora exercise

Safety of crop vegetation from phytopathogens by means of endophytic micro organism is a newly emerged space of biocontrol. On this examine, endophytic micro organism had been remoted from the rhizosphere of Hashish sativa. Primarily based on preliminary antimicrobial screening, three (03) micro organism Serratia marcescens MOSEL-w2, Enterobacter cloacae MOSEL-w7, and Paenibacillus MOSEL-w13 had been chosen.
Antimicrobial assays of those chosen micro organism in opposition to Phytophthora parasitica revealed that E. cloacae MOSEL-w7 and Paenibacillus sp. MOSEL-w13 possessed sturdy exercise in opposition to P. parasitica. All these bacterial extracts confirmed sturdy inhibition in opposition to P. parasitica at completely different concentrations (4-400 µg mL-1). P. parasitica hyphae handled with ethyl acetate extract of E. cloacae MOSEL-w7 resulted in extreme development abnormalities in comparison with management.
First Report of Stem and Foliage Blight of Chrysanthemum Caused by Phytophthora drechsleri in the United States
The extracts had been additional evaluated for in vivo detached-leaf assay in opposition to P. parasitica on the wild sort tobacco. Software of 1% ethyl acetate bacterial extract of S. marcescens MOSEL-w2, E. cloacae MOSEL-w7, and Paenibacillus sp. MOSEL-w13 lowered P. parasitica induced lesion sizes and lesion frequencies by 60-80%. HPLC based mostly fractions of every extract additionally confirmed bioactivity in opposition to P. parasitica.
A complete of 24 compounds had been discovered within the S. marcescens MOSEL-w2, 15 compounds in E. cloacae MOSEL-w7 and 20 compounds present in Paenibacillus sp. MOSEL-w13. LC-MS/MS analyses confirmed completely different bioactive compounds within the bacterial extracts similar to Cotinine (alkylpyrrolidine), L-tryptophan, L-lysine, L-Dopa, and L-ornithine.
These outcomes counsel that S. marcescens MOSEL-w2, E. cloacae MOSEL-w7, and Paenibacillus MOSEL-w13 are a supply of bioactive metabolites and might be utilized in mixture with different biocontrol brokers, with different modes of motion for controlling illnesses attributable to Phytophthora in crops. They might be a clue for the broad-spectrum biopesticides for agriculturally vital crops.

TOR Inhibitors Synergistically Suppress the Development and Growth of Phytophthora infestans, a Extremely Damaging Pathogenic Oomycete

Phytophthora infestans, one in all most well-known pathogenic oomycetes, triggered the Nice Irish Famine from 1845 to 1852. The goal of rapamycin (TOR) is nicely often called a key gene in eukaryotes that controls cell development, survival and growth.
Nonetheless, it’s unclear about its perform in controlling the mycelial development, sporulation capability, spore germination and virulence of Phytophthora infestans. On this examine, key parts of the TOR signaling pathway are analyzed intimately. TOR inhibitors, together with rapamycin (RAP), AZD8055 (AZD), KU-0063794 (KU), and Torin1, inhibit the mycelial development, sporulation capability, spore germination, and virulence of Phytophthora infestans with AZD displaying the perfect inhibitory results on Phytophthora infestans.
 Importantly, in contrast with a mixture of RAP + KU or RAP + Torin1, the co-application of RAP and AZD present the perfect synergistic inhibitory results on P. infestans, ensuing within the lowered dosage and elevated efficacy of medicine.

Drechslerine A

TN3890-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine A

Drechslerine A

TN3890-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine A

Drechslerine A

TN3890-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine A

Drechslerine A

TN3890-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine A

Drechslerine A

TN3890-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine A

Drechslerine D

TN3891-10mg 10mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine D

Drechslerine D

TN3891-1g 1g Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine D

Drechslerine D

TN3891-1mg 1mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine D

Drechslerine D

TN3891-50mg 50mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine D

Drechslerine D

TN3891-5mg 5mg Ask for price
Description: Drechslerine D

Cytochalasin B from Drechslera dematioidea

abx082289-1mg 1 mg
EUR 326.4

Cytochalasin B from Drechslera dematioidea

abx082289-100l 100 µl
EUR 325

Cytochalasin B from Drechslera dematioidea

abx082289-1ml 1 ml Ask for price

Cytochalasin B from Drechslera dematioidea

abx082289-200l 200 µl Ask for price

beta Lactamase (Recombinant)

20-abx073035
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 10 mg
  • 1 mg
  • 50 mg

Recombinant Beta Lactamase

7-03592 1mg Ask for price

Recombinant Beta Lactamase

7-03593 10mg Ask for price

Recombinant Beta Lactamase

7-03594 50mg Ask for price

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU51773-100ug 100ug
EUR 504.9

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU51773-1mg 1mg
EUR 2238.6

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU51773-50ug 50ug
EUR 405.9

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPB655Hu01 10ug
EUR 164

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPB655Mu01 10ug
EUR 194

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPB655Mu02 10ug
EUR 172

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU42264-100ug 100ug
EUR 599.5

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU42264-1mg 1mg
EUR 2653.3

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU42264-50ug 50ug
EUR 480.7

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU42265-100ug 100ug
EUR 530.2

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU42265-1mg 1mg
EUR 2347.8

Recombinant Interleukin-18 Receptor Beta (IL18R Beta)

RPU42265-50ug 50ug
EUR 425.7

Recombinant Human Beta-hexosaminidase subunit beta (HEXB)

CSB-EP010316HU 7501 mg Ask for price

Recombinant Human Beta-hexosaminidase subunit beta (HEXB)

RPC28579-100ug 100ug
EUR 528

Recombinant Human Beta-hexosaminidase subunit beta (HEXB)

RPC28579-1mg 1mg
EUR 2412.5

Recombinant Human Beta-hexosaminidase subunit beta (HEXB)

RPC28579-20ug 20ug
EUR 295.7

Recombinant Beta Actin (ACTB)

RPB340Hu01 10ug
EUR 175

Recombinant Beta Actin (ACTB)

RPB340Mi01 10ug
EUR 175

Recombinant Actin Beta (ACTb)

4-RPB340Mi01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human, Mouse, Rat, Guinea pig, Dog, Pig, Bovine, Sheep, Horse, Chicken Actin Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU55387-100ug 100ug
EUR 431.2

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU55387-1mg 1mg
EUR 1911

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU55387-50ug 50ug
EUR 346.5

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPH756Hu01 10ug
EUR 152

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

4-RPH756Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Klotho Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPH756Mu01 10ug
EUR 168

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

4-RPH756Mu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Mouse Klotho Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPH756Mu02 10ug
EUR 168

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

4-RPH756Mu02
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Mouse Klotho Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

4-RPH756Mu03
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Mouse Klotho Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Beta Actin (ACTB)

RPU52947-100ug 100ug
EUR 540.1

Recombinant Beta Actin (ACTB)

RPU52947-1mg 1mg
EUR 2392

Recombinant Beta Actin (ACTB)

RPU52947-50ug 50ug
EUR 433.4

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42435-100ug 100ug
EUR 468.6

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42435-1mg 1mg
EUR 2074.8

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42435-50ug 50ug
EUR 376.2

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42436-100ug 100ug
EUR 517

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42436-1mg 1mg
EUR 2293.2

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42436-50ug 50ug
EUR 415.8

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42437-100ug 100ug
EUR 517

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42437-1mg 1mg
EUR 2293.2

Recombinant Klotho Beta (KLb)

RPU42437-50ug 50ug
EUR 415.8

TNF beta Recombinant Protein

91-161 0.05 mg
EUR 714.3
Description: Tumor Necrosis Factor beta (TNF- beta ) is a secreted protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor family. TNF- beta binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF1B/TNFBR and TNFRSF14/HVEM in homotrimeric form, binds to TNFRSF3/LTBR in heterotrimeric form with LTB. TNF- beta forms heterotrimers with lymphotoxin-beta, which anchors TNF- beta to the cell surface. TNF- beta mediates the inflammatory, immunostimulatory, and antiviral response, involves in the formation of second lymphoid organs during development, has a role in apoptosis. TNF- beta is produced by lymphocytes and cytotoxic for a variety of tumor cells in vitro and in vivo.

GRO beta Recombinant Protein

40-392-0002mg 0.002 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: All three isoforms of GRO are CXC chemokines that can signal through the CXCR1 or CXCR2 receptors. The GRO proteins chemoattract and activate neutrophils and basophils. Recombinant human GRO-beta is a 7.9 kDa protein consisting of 73 amino acids including the 'ELR' motif common to the CXC chemokine family that bind to CXCR1 or CXCR2.

GRO beta Recombinant Protein

40-392-001mg 0.01 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: All three isoforms of GRO are CXC chemokines that can signal through the CXCR1 or CXCR2 receptors. The GRO proteins chemoattract and activate neutrophils and basophils. Recombinant human GRO-beta is a 7.9 kDa protein consisting of 73 amino acids including the 'ELR' motif common to the CXC chemokine family that bind to CXCR1 or CXCR2.

GRO beta Recombinant Protein

40-409-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: All three isoforms of GRO are CXC chemokines that can signal through the CXCR1 or CXCR2 receptors. The GRO proteins chemoattract and activate neutrophils and basophils. Recombinant rat GRO-beta/MIP-2 is a 7.9 kDa protein consisting of 73 amino acids including the 'ELR' motif common to the CXC chemokine family that bind to CXCR1 or CXCR2.

GRO beta Recombinant Protein

40-409-0025mg 0.025 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: All three isoforms of GRO are CXC chemokines that can signal through the CXCR1 or CXCR2 receptors. The GRO proteins chemoattract and activate neutrophils and basophils. Recombinant rat GRO-beta/MIP-2 is a 7.9 kDa protein consisting of 73 amino acids including the 'ELR' motif common to the CXC chemokine family that bind to CXCR1 or CXCR2.

NGF beta Recombinant Protein

40-495-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: Beta-NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. Beta-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor beta-NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. Beta-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. The functional form of Recombinant Human β-NGF is a non-covalently-linked homodimer of two 13.5 kDa, polypeptide monomers that each contain 120 amino acids and three disulfide bonds, which are required for biological activity.

NGF beta Recombinant Protein

40-495-01mg 0.1 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: Beta-NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. Beta-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor beta-NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. Beta-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. The functional form of Recombinant Human β-NGF is a non-covalently-linked homodimer of two 13.5 kDa, polypeptide monomers that each contain 120 amino acids and three disulfide bonds, which are required for biological activity.

NGF beta Recombinant Protein

40-505-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: β-NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. β-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor β-NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. β-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. The functional form of Recombinant Murine β-NGF is a non-covalently-linked homodimer of two 13.4 kDa, polypeptide monomers that each contain 120 amino acids and three disulfide bonds, which are required for biological activity.

NGF beta Recombinant Protein

40-505-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: β-NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. β-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor β-NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. β-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. The functional form of Recombinant Murine β-NGF is a non-covalently-linked homodimer of two 13.4 kDa, polypeptide monomers that each contain 120 amino acids and three disulfide bonds, which are required for biological activity.

GMF beta Recombinant Protein

40-508-0002mg 0.002 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: GMF-β a brain-specific protein that belongs to the actin-binding proteins (ADF) structural family. GMF-β appears to play a role in the differentiation, maintenance, and regeneration of the nervous system. It also supports the progression of certain auto-immune diseases, possibly through its ability to induce the production and secretion of various pro-inflammatory cytokines. Recombinant human GMF-β is a 16.5 kDa globular protein containing 141 amino acid residues including one intramolecular disulfide bond.

GMF beta Recombinant Protein

40-508-001mg 0.01 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: GMF-β a brain-specific protein that belongs to the actin-binding proteins (ADF) structural family. GMF-β appears to play a role in the differentiation, maintenance, and regeneration of the nervous system. It also supports the progression of certain auto-immune diseases, possibly through its ability to induce the production and secretion of various pro-inflammatory cytokines. Recombinant human GMF-β is a 16.5 kDa globular protein containing 141 amino acid residues including one intramolecular disulfide bond.

TGF Beta Recombinant Protein

40-108-0002mg 0.002 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: The three mammalian isoforms of TGF-β, TGF-β1, β2, β3, signal through the same receptor and elicit similar biological responses. They are multifunctional cytokines that regulate cell proliferation, growth, differentiation and motility as well as synthesis and deposition of the extracellular matrix. They are involved in various physiological processes including embryogenesis, tissue remodeling and wound healing. They are secreted predominantly as latent complexes which are stored at the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix. The release of biologically active TGF-β isoform from a latent complex involves proteolytic processing of the complex and /or induction of conformational changes by proteins such as thrombospondin-1. TGF-β2 has been shown to exert suppressive effects on IL-2 dependent T-cell growth, and may also have an autocrine function in enhancing tumor growth by suppressing immuno-surveillance of tumor development. Recombinant human TGF-β2 is a 25.0 kDa protein composed of two identical 112 amino acid polypeptide chains linked by a single disulfide bond.

TGF Beta Recombinant Protein

40-108-001mg 0.01 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: The three mammalian isoforms of TGF-β, TGF-β1, β2, β3, signal through the same receptor and elicit similar biological responses. They are multifunctional cytokines that regulate cell proliferation, growth, differentiation and motility as well as synthesis and deposition of the extracellular matrix. They are involved in various physiological processes including embryogenesis, tissue remodeling and wound healing. They are secreted predominantly as latent complexes which are stored at the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix. The release of biologically active TGF-β isoform from a latent complex involves proteolytic processing of the complex and /or induction of conformational changes by proteins such as thrombospondin-1. TGF-β2 has been shown to exert suppressive effects on IL-2 dependent T-cell growth, and may also have an autocrine function in enhancing tumor growth by suppressing immuno-surveillance of tumor development. Recombinant human TGF-β2 is a 25.0 kDa protein composed of two identical 112 amino acid polypeptide chains linked by a single disulfide bond.

TNF beta Recombinant Protein

40-275-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: TNF-β is a potent mediator of inflammatory and immune responses. It belongs to the TNF family of ligands and signals through TNFR1 and TNFR2. TNF-β is produced by activated T and B lymphocytes, and has similar activities to TNF-alpha. Like TNF-α, TNF-β is involved in the regulation of various biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, coagulation, and neurotransmission. TNF-β is secreted as a soluble polypeptide, but can form heterotrimers with lymphotoxin-β, which effectively anchors the TNF-β to the cell surface. TNF-β is cytotoxic to a wide range of tumor cells. Recombinant human TNF-β is a secreted 171 amino acid protein (18.6 kDa) which forms an active non-disulfide linked homotrimer structure in solution.

TNF beta Recombinant Protein

40-275-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: TNF-β is a potent mediator of inflammatory and immune responses. It belongs to the TNF family of ligands and signals through TNFR1 and TNFR2. TNF-β is produced by activated T and B lymphocytes, and has similar activities to TNF-alpha. Like TNF-α, TNF-β is involved in the regulation of various biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, coagulation, and neurotransmission. TNF-β is secreted as a soluble polypeptide, but can form heterotrimers with lymphotoxin-β, which effectively anchors the TNF-β to the cell surface. TNF-β is cytotoxic to a wide range of tumor cells. Recombinant human TNF-β is a secreted 171 amino acid protein (18.6 kDa) which forms an active non-disulfide linked homotrimer structure in solution.

IFN beta Recombinant Protein

40-278-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: Proteins of this family play an important role in inducing non-specific resistance against a broad range of viral infections. They also affect cell proliferation and modulate immune responses. Produced by peripheral blood leukocytes and lymphoblastoid cells, IFNα is an acid stable molecule that signals through IFNα/βR, which is also used by IFNβ. Both IFNs have similar anti-viral activity and regulate expression of MHC class I antigens. IFNα contains four highly conserved cysteine residues which form two disulfide bonds, one of which is necessary for biological activity. Recombinant human IFNβ is an 20.0 kDa protein containing 166 amino acid residues. Due to glycosylation, IFNβ has an approximate MW of 22.3 kDa based on SDS-PAGE gel and Mass Spectrometry.

IFN beta Recombinant Protein

40-278-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: Proteins of this family play an important role in inducing non-specific resistance against a broad range of viral infections. They also affect cell proliferation and modulate immune responses. Produced by peripheral blood leukocytes and lymphoblastoid cells, IFNα is an acid stable molecule that signals through IFNα/βR, which is also used by IFNβ. Both IFNs have similar anti-viral activity and regulate expression of MHC class I antigens. IFNα contains four highly conserved cysteine residues which form two disulfide bonds, one of which is necessary for biological activity. Recombinant human IFNβ is an 20.0 kDa protein containing 166 amino acid residues. Due to glycosylation, IFNβ has an approximate MW of 22.3 kDa based on SDS-PAGE gel and Mass Spectrometry.

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPU58493-100ug 100ug
EUR 551.1

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPU58493-1mg 1mg
EUR 2558.4

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPU58493-50ug 50ug
EUR 428.5

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPJ332Bo01 10ug
EUR 164

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPJ332Hu01 10ug
EUR 168

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

4-RPJ332Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Casein Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPU52335-100ug 100ug
EUR 517

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPU52335-1mg 1mg
EUR 2293.2

Recombinant Casein Beta (CSN2)

RPU52335-50ug 50ug
EUR 415.8

Recombinant Human Beta-NGF

Z101545 20 µg
EUR 115
Description: NGF is mainly responsible for the survival and the differentiation and the functional activities of sensory and sympathetic neurons in the peripheral nervous system. It also plays an important role in the development and functional activities of cholinergic neurons in the central nervous system. Since NGF is synthesized also in non-neuronal tissues it may have a much wider spectrum of biological activities than thought previously. NGF stimulates chemotactic migration of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes in vitro. NGF stimulates the growth and differentiation of B cells and the growth of T cells and of some tumor cell types. NGF inhibits immunoglobulin production by various human plasma cell. The cytokines IL-1, IL-6, and bFGF are potent inducers of NGF. NGF induces the synthesis of IL-1 in pheochromocytoma cells which in turn acts as a growth factor for glial cells and induces the synthesis of NGF following nerve injuries. In thymic stromal cells NGF induces the synthesis of IL-6. NGF induces the synthesis of the fos oncogene and the myc oncogene and also influences the expression of EGF. One receptor that is responsible for mediating most of the activities of NGF is expressed preferentially in neuronal tissues. This glycoprotein of 140 kDa is the product of the trk gene. It possesses an intrinsic tyrosine-specific protein kinase in its intracellular domain.

Recombinant Human Beta-NGF

Z102165 20 µg
EUR 80
Description: β-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. β-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. β-NGF belongs to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable, disulfide-linked homodimeric structures. Recombinant human β-NGF shares approximately 90% homology with both the mouse and rat βNGF at the primary level.

Recombinant Human Beta-NGF

Z102169 1.0 mg
EUR 1620
Description: β-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. β-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. β-NGF belongs to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable, disulfide-linked homodimeric structures. Recombinant human β-NGF shares approximately 90% homology with both the mouse and rat βNGF at the primary level.

Beta Trace Human Recombinant

rAP-4362 Inquiry Ask for price

LD78 beta Recombinant Protein

40-404-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: LD78-beta is a CC chemokine that is closely related to MIP-1 alpha. It signals through the CCR5 receptor and the beta-chemokine receptor, D6. LD78-beta has been shown to exhibit potent activity in HIV suppression assays. Recombinant human LD78-beta is a 7.7 kDa protein containing 70 amino acid residues, including the four conserved cysteine residues present in CC chemokines.

LD78 beta Recombinant Protein

40-404-002mg 0.02 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: LD78-beta is a CC chemokine that is closely related to MIP-1 alpha. It signals through the CCR5 receptor and the beta-chemokine receptor, D6. LD78-beta has been shown to exhibit potent activity in HIV suppression assays. Recombinant human LD78-beta is a 7.7 kDa protein containing 70 amino acid residues, including the four conserved cysteine residues present in CC chemokines.

RELM beta Recombinant Protein

40-485-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: RELM β (Resistin-like molecule beta/FIZZ2) is an 18 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric protein expressed in the epithelium of the colon and small bowel. The biological functions of RELM beta, and its molecular targets, are not fully known but, it has been suggested that it plays a regulatory role during inflammation and may also act to establish links among adipose tissue, the intestine and the liver (Rajala, M. et al. J. Clin. Invest. Vol. 111, 225-230 (2003)). Interestingly the molecular structure of RELM beta is highly homologous to that of the adipose-derived cytokine Resistin and RELM beta. These proteins share a highly conserved C-terminal domain, characterized by 10 cysteine residues with a unique spacing motif of C-X11-C-X8-C-X-C-X3-C-X10-C-X-C-X-C-X9-C-C. Recombinant Murine RELM beta is an 18.0 kDa, consisting of two 83 amino acid residue chains.

RELM beta Recombinant Protein

40-485-0025mg 0.025 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: RELM β (Resistin-like molecule beta/FIZZ2) is an 18 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric protein expressed in the epithelium of the colon and small bowel. The biological functions of RELM beta, and its molecular targets, are not fully known but, it has been suggested that it plays a regulatory role during inflammation and may also act to establish links among adipose tissue, the intestine and the liver (Rajala, M. et al. J. Clin. Invest. Vol. 111, 225-230 (2003)). Interestingly the molecular structure of RELM beta is highly homologous to that of the adipose-derived cytokine Resistin and RELM beta. These proteins share a highly conserved C-terminal domain, characterized by 10 cysteine residues with a unique spacing motif of C-X11-C-X8-C-X-C-X3-C-X10-C-X-C-X-C-X9-C-C. Recombinant Murine RELM beta is an 18.0 kDa, consisting of two 83 amino acid residue chains.

RELM beta Recombinant Protein

40-102-0005mg 0.005 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: Human RELM-beta is a 19.0 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric protein expressed in the epithelium of the colon and small bowel. The biological functions of RELM-beta and its molecular targets, are not fully known but, it has been suggested that it plays a regulatory role during inflammation and may also act to establish links among adipose tissue, the intestine and the liver. Interestingly the molecular structure of RELM-beta is highly homologous to that of the adipose-derived cytokine Resistin and RELM-alpha. These proteins share a highly conserved C-terminal domain, characterized by 10 cysteine residues with a unique spacing motif of C-X11-C-X8-C-X-C-X3-C-X10-C-X-C-X-C-X9-C-C. Recombinant Human RELM-beta is a disulfide-linked homodimer with a total molecular weight of 19.0 kDa, consisting of two 89 amino acid residue chains.

RELM beta Recombinant Protein

40-102-0025mg 0.025 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: Human RELM-beta is a 19.0 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric protein expressed in the epithelium of the colon and small bowel. The biological functions of RELM-beta and its molecular targets, are not fully known but, it has been suggested that it plays a regulatory role during inflammation and may also act to establish links among adipose tissue, the intestine and the liver. Interestingly the molecular structure of RELM-beta is highly homologous to that of the adipose-derived cytokine Resistin and RELM-alpha. These proteins share a highly conserved C-terminal domain, characterized by 10 cysteine residues with a unique spacing motif of C-X11-C-X8-C-X-C-X3-C-X10-C-X-C-X-C-X9-C-C. Recombinant Human RELM-beta is a disulfide-linked homodimer with a total molecular weight of 19.0 kDa, consisting of two 89 amino acid residue chains.

SCGF beta Recombinant Protein

40-169-0002mg 0.002 mg
EUR 311.1
Description: SCGF α and β are hematopoietic growth factor that exerts their activity at early stages of hematopoiesis. The SCGFs are non-glycosylated species-specific cytokines that can support growth of primitive hematopoietic cells, and in combination with EPO or GM-CSF, promote proliferation or erthroid or myeloid progenitors, respectively. Recombinant human SCGF-β is a 25.0 kDa polypeptide containing 227 amino acid residues.

SCGF beta Recombinant Protein

40-169-001mg 0.01 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: SCGF α and β are hematopoietic growth factor that exerts their activity at early stages of hematopoiesis. The SCGFs are non-glycosylated species-specific cytokines that can support growth of primitive hematopoietic cells, and in combination with EPO or GM-CSF, promote proliferation or erthroid or myeloid progenitors, respectively. Recombinant human SCGF-β is a 25.0 kDa polypeptide containing 227 amino acid residues.

Recombinant Tubulin Beta (TUBb)

RPB870Hu01 10ug
EUR 184

Recombinant Tubulin Beta (TUBb)

4-RPB870Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Tubulin Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Tubulin Beta (TUBb)

RPU44209-100ug 100ug
EUR 566.5

Recombinant Tubulin Beta (TUBb)

RPU44209-1mg 1mg
EUR 2511.6

Recombinant Tubulin Beta (TUBb)

RPU44209-50ug 50ug
EUR 455.4

Casein Beta Human Recombinant

rAP-3779 Inquiry Ask for price

Recombinant Human PI3K (p110 beta/p85 beta) (N-His tag)

Z500291 10 µg
EUR 430
Description: Recombinant full-length human p110 beta and human p85 beta were co-expressed by baculovirus in Sf9 insect cells using an N-terminal His tag on both proteins.

Recombinant Defensin Beta 104 (DEFb104)

RPE129Hu01 10ug
EUR 199

Recombinant Defensin Beta 104 (DEFb104)

4-RPE129Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Defensin Beta 104 expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Defensin Beta 113 (DEFb113)

RPU55410-100ug 100ug
EUR 665.5

Recombinant Defensin Beta 113 (DEFb113)

RPU55410-1mg 1mg
EUR 2948.4

Recombinant Defensin Beta 113 (DEFb113)

RPU55410-50ug 50ug
EUR 534.6

Recombinant Defensin Beta 104 (DEFb104)

RPU55881-100ug 100ug
EUR 613.8

Recombinant Defensin Beta 104 (DEFb104)

RPU55881-1mg 1mg
EUR 3107

Recombinant Defensin Beta 104 (DEFb104)

RPU55881-50ug 50ug
EUR 478.1

Recombinant Defensin Beta 112 (DEFb112)

RPU58936-100ug 100ug
EUR 868.2

Recombinant Defensin Beta 112 (DEFb112)

RPU58936-1mg 1mg
EUR 3419.5

Recombinant Defensin Beta 112 (DEFb112)

RPU58936-50ug 50ug
EUR 542.5

Recombinant Defensin Beta 126 (DEFb126)

RPQ483Hu01 10ug
EUR 168

Recombinant Defensin Beta 112 (DEFb112)

RPQ648Hu01 10ug
EUR 219

Recombinant Defensin Beta 113 (DEFb113)

4-RPQ649Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Defensin Beta 113 expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Defensin Beta 119 (DEFb119)

RPQ653Hu01 10ug
EUR 168

Recombinant Defensin Beta 119 (DEFb119)

4-RPQ653Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Defensin Beta 119 expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Defensin Beta 124 (DEFb124)

RPQ656Hu01 10ug
EUR 140

Recombinant Defensin Beta 131 (DEFb131)

RPQ660Hu01 10ug
EUR 140

Recombinant Defensin Beta 131 (DEFb131)

RPQ660Hu02 10ug
EUR 142

Recombinant Defensin Beta 126 (DEFb126)

RPU52372-100ug 100ug
EUR 517

Recombinant Defensin Beta 126 (DEFb126)

RPU52372-1mg 1mg
EUR 2293.2

Recombinant Defensin Beta 126 (DEFb126)

RPU52372-50ug 50ug
EUR 415.8

Recombinant Defensin Beta 119 (DEFb119)

RPU52373-100ug 100ug
EUR 517

Recombinant Defensin Beta 119 (DEFb119)

RPU52373-1mg 1mg
EUR 2293.2

Recombinant Defensin Beta 119 (DEFb119)

RPU52373-50ug 50ug
EUR 415.8

Recombinant Defensin Beta 124 (DEFb124)

RPU59417-100ug 100ug
EUR 470.4

Recombinant Defensin Beta 124 (DEFb124)

RPU59417-1mg 1mg
EUR 2047.5

Recombinant Defensin Beta 124 (DEFb124)

RPU59417-50ug 50ug
EUR 336

beta-NGF Recombinant Protein

91-047 0.05 mg
EUR 437.1
Description: Human beta -Nerve Growth Factor ( beta -NGF) was initially isolated in the mouse submandibular gland. It is composed of three non-covalently linked subunits alpha, beta , and gamma ; it exhibits all the biological activities ascribed to NGF. It is structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4 and belongs to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. beta -NGF is a neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor beta -NGF, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. beta -NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. These results suggest that beta -NGF is a pleiotropic cytokine, which in addition to its neurotropic activities may have an important role in the regulation of the immune system. Human beta -NGF shares 90% sequence similarity with mouse protein and shows cross-species reactivity.

beta-NGF Recombinant Protein

91-635 0.05 mg
EUR 374.1
Description: Mouse beta -NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. beta -NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor beta -NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. beta -NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes, and enhances B-cell survival.

beta-NGF Recombinant Protein

92-356 0.05 mg
EUR 374.1
Description: Human beta -Nerve Growth Factor ( beta -NGF) was initially isolated in the mouse submandibular gland. It is composed of three non-covalently linked subunits alpha, beta , and gamma ; it exhibits all the biological activities ascribed to NGF. It is structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4 and belongs to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. beta -NGF is a neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor beta -NGF, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. beta -NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. These results suggest that beta -NGF is a pleiotropic cytokine, which in addition to its neurotropic activities may have an important role in the regulation of the immune system. Human beta -NGF shares 90% sequence similarity with mouse protein and shows cross-species reactivity.

beta-NGF Recombinant Protein

92-518 0.05 mg
EUR 487.5
Description: Mouse beta -NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. beta -NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor beta -NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. beta -NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes, and enhances B-cell survival.

Beta-NGF Recombinant Protein

40-572 0.1 mg
EUR 481.2
Description: β-NGF is a neurotrophic factor structurally related to BDNF, NT-3 and NT-4. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot family of growth factors that assume stable dimeric structures. β-NGF is a potent neurotrophic factor that signals through its receptor β-NGFR, and plays a crucial role in the development and preservation of the sensory and sympathetic nervous systems. β-NGF also acts as a growth and differentiation factor for B lymphocytes and enhances B-cell survival. The functional form of Recombinant Human β-NGF is a non-covalently-linked homodimer of two 13.5 kDa, polypeptide monomers that each contain 120 amino acids and three disulfide bonds, which are required for biological activity.

Recombinant Human Beta-Trace

7-05962 2µg Ask for price

Recombinant Human Beta-Trace

7-05963 10µg Ask for price

Recombinant Human Beta-Trace

7-05964 1mg Ask for price

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPD825Hu01 10ug
EUR 160

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPD825Ra01 10ug
EUR 140

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPU58057-100ug 100ug
EUR 537.6

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPU58057-1mg 1mg
EUR 2496

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPU58057-50ug 50ug
EUR 418

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPU57240-100ug 100ug
EUR 470.4

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPU57240-1mg 1mg
EUR 2184

Recombinant Taxilin Beta (TXLNb)

RPU57240-50ug 50ug
EUR 385

Recombinant (E.Coli) Beta Lactamase

RP-431 1 mg
EUR 343.2

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU52208-100ug 100ug
EUR 517

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU52208-1mg 1mg
EUR 2293.2

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU52208-50ug 50ug
EUR 415.8

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU54381-100ug 100ug
EUR 591.8

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU54381-1mg 1mg
EUR 2620.8

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU54381-50ug 50ug
EUR 475.2

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU54538-100ug 100ug
EUR 603.9

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU54538-1mg 1mg
EUR 2675.4

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPU54538-50ug 50ug
EUR 485.1

Recombinant Tectorin Beta (TECTb)

RPU54638-100ug 100ug
EUR 623.7

Recombinant Tectorin Beta (TECTb)

RPU54638-1mg 1mg
EUR 2762.5

Recombinant Tectorin Beta (TECTb)

RPU54638-50ug 50ug
EUR 500.5

Recombinant Tectorin Beta (TECTb)

RPC951Hu01 10ug
EUR 202

Recombinant Tectorin Beta (TECTb)

4-RPC951Hu01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Human Tectorin Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPD098Bo01 10ug
EUR 192

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

4-RPD098Bo01
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • Ask for price
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Bovine Hemoglobin Beta expressed in: E.coli

Recombinant Hemoglobin Beta (HBb)

RPD098Eq01 10ug
EUR 196
Transcriptome evaluation helps the synergistic results of the mixture of RAP and AZD on gene expression, capabilities and pathways associated to the TOR signaling pathway. Thus, TOR is a crucial goal for controlling Phytophthora infestans, and synergism based mostly on the applying of TOR inhibitors exhibit the potential for controlling the expansion of Phytophthora infestans.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *